Difference between revisions of "Trent Reznor"

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'''Michael Trent Reznor''' (born May 17, 1965) is the founder and mastermind behind [[Nine Inch Nails]].
 
'''Michael Trent Reznor''' (born May 17, 1965) is the founder and mastermind behind [[Nine Inch Nails]].
  
 +
==Biography==
 
===Growing Up===
 
===Growing Up===
 
Reznor was born and raised in the western Pennsylvania town of Mercer. Because he has the same first name as his father, he was called by his middle name to avoid confusion. In late 1970, after the birth of his little sister, Reznor's parents divorced. His mother raised his sister while he was sent to live with his maternal grandparents. Reznor's grandmother decided that the 5-year-old should take classical piano lessons. Over the years he became immersed in music and has been compared to Harry Connick, Jr. by his piano teacher.
 
Reznor was born and raised in the western Pennsylvania town of Mercer. Because he has the same first name as his father, he was called by his middle name to avoid confusion. In late 1970, after the birth of his little sister, Reznor's parents divorced. His mother raised his sister while he was sent to live with his maternal grandparents. Reznor's grandmother decided that the 5-year-old should take classical piano lessons. Over the years he became immersed in music and has been compared to Harry Connick, Jr. by his piano teacher.
Line 16: Line 17:
  
 
===NIN Begins===
 
===NIN Begins===
Reznor reworked many of the demos he recorded and even added some new material to his debut album, titled ''[[Pretty Hate Machine]].'' After its recording he assembled a small live band, inviting Vrenna to join him as one of his bandmates. This band played some small shows in Cleveland and was eventually invited on the road by [[Skinny Puppy]].
+
Reznor reworked many of the demos he recorded and even added some new material to his debut album, titled ''[[Pretty Hate Machine]].'' After its recording he assembled a small live band, inviting Vrenna to join him as one of his bandmates. This band played some small shows in Cleveland and was eventually invited on the road by [[Skinny Puppy]]. The band would eventually be invited to join the first [[Lollapalooza '91|Lollapalooza]] tour, where they became one of the most popular bands on the tour.
  
 
By the time 1991 rolled around, Reznor was in a miserable state. The label was pressuring him to record more material, but was trying to tell him which producers to use and how the material should sound. Reznor wanted out of his contract and secretly recorded an EP in various locations around the world. The EP, titled ''[[Broken]],'' was released in 1992 and explained the situation to its buyers. The EP was released by [[Nothing Records]], which Reznor and Malm established to help him get out of his contract. Eventually TVT settled with Reznor, allowing him the creative freedom he wanted but they would distribute future releases.
 
By the time 1991 rolled around, Reznor was in a miserable state. The label was pressuring him to record more material, but was trying to tell him which producers to use and how the material should sound. Reznor wanted out of his contract and secretly recorded an EP in various locations around the world. The EP, titled ''[[Broken]],'' was released in 1992 and explained the situation to its buyers. The EP was released by [[Nothing Records]], which Reznor and Malm established to help him get out of his contract. Eventually TVT settled with Reznor, allowing him the creative freedom he wanted but they would distribute future releases.
  
 
It was during this time that Reznor was in the process of recording the second NIN album, ''[[The Downward Spiral (halo)|The Downward Spiral]].'' It was recorded in a Beverly Hills mansion-turned-studio, that would later be revealed to be the house where actress Sharon Tate and others were murdered by followers of cult leader Charles Manson. Reznor had also befriended a Florida-based shock-rock band, [[Marilyn Manson]], who would sign to Nothing Records.
 
It was during this time that Reznor was in the process of recording the second NIN album, ''[[The Downward Spiral (halo)|The Downward Spiral]].'' It was recorded in a Beverly Hills mansion-turned-studio, that would later be revealed to be the house where actress Sharon Tate and others were murdered by followers of cult leader Charles Manson. Reznor had also befriended a Florida-based shock-rock band, [[Marilyn Manson]], who would sign to Nothing Records.
 +
 +
===Spiraling Down===
 +
''The Downward Spiral'' was released in March of 1994 and was had a significantly different sound. Reznor was much more experimental, creating soundscapes and improving in the studio rather than having something written beforehand. It was touted as a concept album, descibing someone throwing away everything in his life in hopes of finding some sense of peace. The album was a personal and commercial success but with the increasing exposure, Reznor's personal problems began to multiply. He found himself turning to drugs and alcohol often as an escape from the pressure put on him by the media, the label, and even himself. The extensive touring behind the album didn't help his problems, either.
 +
 +
It would be the mud-soaked [[Woodstock '94]] performance that thrust Reznor into the national consciouness. Broadcast on Pay-Per-View, the visceral performace would make Reznor a superstar among the many bands and musicians who were active at the time. However, the sudden national fame and recognition only accelerated Reznor's increasing problems.
 +
 +
By the end of the touring cycle (known as the [[Self-Destruct]] tour), Reznor was miserable. He had sunked into addiction, and pressure from the label to begin work on a follow-up to ''The Downward Spiral'' took its toll. He stepped back for a little while and took time to sort things out.
 +
 +
===Fragile===
 +
The time between the end of the Self-Destruct tour and the release of ''[[The Fragile (halo)|The Fragile]]'' was one of reflection and realization for Reznor. He checked into a Florida rehabilitation center to deal with the drug and alcohol problems that plagues him throughout the last tour. Shortly after completing the program, he received word that his maternal grandmother had died. Reznor was completely devastated by this news and went into counseling to help him deal with his loss. Through this event he managed to write a song that conveyed his emotions and thoughts ("[[I Am Looking Forward To Joining You, Finally]]"). He was back in the studio working on the follow-up to ''The Downward Spiral,'' which would turn out to be an ambitious, 2-disc epic of soundscapes.
 +
 +
''The Fragile'' was released in September 1999 and debuted at the top of the ''Billboard'' album charts. It soon fell off the charts due to a number of factors. Among them were a lack of marketing from the record label and the sheer length of the album. Reznor decided to celebrate the album's chart debut with a drink, which led to a relapse into drugs and alcohol.
 +
 +
Touring began shortly after the album's release. The [[Fragility]] tour would last a total of 8 months and travel the world. During the US tour, Reznor rekindled his friendship with [[Brian Warner]], frontman for the band Marilyn Manson, which had soured in 1997 following the release of the ''[[Lost Highway Soundtrack]].'' Initially Manson was offered the producer position but Reznor ultimately got it. The friendship was revived in part because of changes in popular music.
 +
 +
As the tour progressed, Reznor's health declined as his addictions got worse. It culminated with a tour stop in London, when Reznor overdosed on heroin, prompting a long-awaited concert to be cancelled. Citing Reznor's privacy and not wanting to bring about a media firestorm, the band's management explained that another member of the band, new drummer [[Jerome Dillon]], was sick with a stomach flu. After the cancellation, Reznor apologized and explained the situation. He understood that people were angry about it and he stressed that concerts are never cancelled without a valid reason.
 +
 +
===Rehab and Recovery===
 +
Overdosing on heroin was a wake-up call to Reznor, who now could not deny his problems. Worse news came in 2001, almost a year after the Fragility tour ended. While working on a live CD and DVD chronicling the US leg of the tour, a studio technician Reznor befriended was shot and killed in a gang-related crime. Seeing as his addictions have contributed to gang activity, Reznor was determined to get his problems under control.
 +
 +
On July 11, 2001, Reznor checked into a New Orleans rehabilitation center and endured a cold-turkey withdrawal experience that makes him shudder to this day. Upon leaving the facility, Reznor was more determined than ever to stay clean and sober. He finished the live set, titled ''[[And All That Could Have Been (halo)|And All That Could Have Been]],'' and began to focus on other projects. Among his projects were [[Tapeworm]], a collaboration with [[Tool]]/[[A Perfect Circle]] singer [[Maynard James Keenan]], and producing former Rage Against The Machine frontman [[Zack de la Rocha]]'s solo album.
 +
 +
In summer of 2002, [[Rick Rubin]] called Reznor in regards to country music legend [[Johnny Cash]] recording a cover of the song "[[Hurt]]." Reznor was honored and okayed the recording, since Rubin has done great work with Cash, and it wasn't very likely that "Hurt" would make the cut. In November 2002 Reznor received a CD containing Cash's cover and wasn't sure what to think of it. About four months later he received a DVD containing a music video for the song. Reznor was flattered, honored, and moved to tears by the results.
 +
 +
In 2003, Malm presented Reznor with some startling news about his assets. It was revealed that he didn't ahve as much money as he thought he did, with his net worth estimated to be somewhere between US$400,000 and $3,000,000. Malm also presented Reznor with a bill asking for US$3,000,000 in payment. Shocked by this, Reznor  looked back at the contracts he had signed with Malm and found some errors. Malm sued to collect on the money he claimed he was owed. Reznor countered, claiming that Malm had been holding back earnings. Both suits were combined into one lawsuit by a federal judge in 2004, naming Reznor as the plaintiff, with the case going to trial in New York City in 2005. Malm was fired as a result and Reznor signed with manager Jim Guerinot at Rebel Waltz. As a result, Nothing Records folded in 2004, being absorbed into Nothing's parent company, Interscope Records.
 +
 +
Reznor spent much of 2003 working on his other projects, which never went anywhere. Nobody in Tapeworm was pleased with the results of their recordings, and Reznor felt that de la Rocha wasn't ready to be a solo artist. The time out of the spotlight helped his psyche and got him to a better place. In addition to finding himself more mentally clear, Reznor was taking better care of himself physically, replacing the addictions that nearly killed him with addictions that would aid in his overall well-being. By January of 2004, Reznor was ready to write and record a new Nine Inch Nails album.
 +
 +
===The Great Comeback===
 +
Reznor encountered a problem in the writing process immediately: he wasn't sure if he could still write music. So he set goals for himself early on: two songs written and demoed every ten days. It was a back-to-basics approach to help him decide if he could write music while clean and sober. The demo process was very stripped-down, consisting of a drum machine, a piano, a microphone, and a computer. From those demos, Reznor would determine what worked and what didn't. He found that the piano element in the demos provided an interesting contrast to the drums, and it would remain in many of the songs.
 +
 +
Initially, the plan was to create a concept album called ''Bleedthrough.'' As the recording process progressed, the concept was scrapped and became ''[[With Teeth (halo)|With Teeth]],'' a more song-oriented rock album. It was recorded at Reznor's New Orleans studio, and would be the last music to be recorded there. Reznor had since relocated to Los Angeles, partly to be closer to those in the music industry, but also as a way to avoid a temptation that could send him into another relapse. During the production process, Reznor invited [[Dave Grohl]] to play drums on some of the songs, at Dillon's suggestion. Recording was delayed for a few days that Spetember when the city was evacuated due to Hurricane Ivan, which took a more easterly track at the last minute. Production ended in late 2004 and post-production began in early 2005.
 +
 +
March 2005 was the beginning of the press junket for ''With Teeth.'' Reznor talked about his addictions and sobriety, his reaction to Cash's cover of "Hurt," his impending 40th birthday, and the upcoming tour cycle. A new touring line-up had been assembled and Reznor was confident in their ablilities. Five concerts had been scheduled with small venue dates throughout April and May of that year. The smaller venues were chosen because Reznor wasn't yet sure if he could still play to crowds as large as in the past. The tour sold out immediately, a sign that NIN's comeback was sorely needed.
 +
 +
''With Teeth'' was released on May 3, 2005, and debuted at the top of the ''Billboard'' charts. In part its success could be credited to the nearly six years since ''The Fragile'' and the fans' dedication. By the end of the year it would be platinum.
 +
 +
Despite the album's success, Reznor still had to deal with the lawsuit against his former manager. Since he had to be in New York City to testify on May 16 and 17 (May 17, 2005, was Reznor's 40th birthday), he scheduled some tour dates there so that it wasn't all pure business. Reznor testified that he had lost trust in Malm, and that he should have read the contracts more closely. He didn't deny that his addictions may have played a role in the problems, but still claimed that Malm was the one who was holding back on assets. At the end of the month, a jury ruled that Reznor was entitled to all assets under his name plus interest, including the Nine Inch Nails brand. The winnings have been estimated to be as high as US$6 million with interest factored in. Malm could still appeal the ruling.
 +
 +
After the success of the club tour, Nine Inch Nails travelled the world, playing at festivals and large venues. Reznor found that he could write music sober and began working on a follow-up to ''With Teeth,'' setting up makeshift studios on his tour bus, in his dressing room, and in his hotel room. It was one way that he remained sober while on the road, and was one of many safety nets he established to help himself stay sober. No longer interested in the backstage partying, he now found enjoyment in making music, which he once saw as a chore or job.
 +
 +
Hurricane Katrina struck New Orleans on August 28, 2005. Reznor was at first concerned about his studio there, but at first it looked like the city was spared from the storm. The next day, when the city's levee and pump system failed, Reznor was devastated. In the following days, his sadness became anger at the lack of responce to the disaster, as he became even more vocal about his disdain with the US government. He was invited to perform on ReactNOW!, a telethon organized by Viacom with proceeds going to the American Red Cross to help those affected by the storm. Reznor performed "Hurt" with Cash's lyrical change, and premiered a new song, "[[Non-Entity]]," an internet-exclusive performance that would later be made into an MP3 file available for purchase. Proceeds from the MP3 went to the American Red Cross. Reznor decided that guitars used on the upcoming concerts would be sold on eBay with proceeds going to the Red Cross. It was one of many nonprofits that Reznor would go on to publicly support. In January 2006, he joined People for the Etical Treatment of Animals' (PETA's) campaign against the Chinese fur industry, narrating a video documenting the abuse of cats and dogs used in that nation's fur trade.
 +
 +
When the [[Live: With Teeth]] tour ended in July 2006, Reznor rented a house in a wooded area outside of Malibu to begin turning the sounds created on the tour into a new album.
 +
 +
===Year Zero and Beyond===
 +
It all started with an ominous daydream about what the world might be like if things in the United States continued on their current path with no change in course. With some of his personal experiences from recent years mixed in, Reznor created the outline for what would be his most ambitious project ever. During the recording process of this album, he met with people from [[42 Entertainment]], a marketing company that had been behind the successful alternate-reality games (ARGs) that promoted the video game ''Halo 2'' and the TV series ''Lost,'' the latter of which Reznor is a fan. They would help in the package design and advertising for the forthcoming album, though Reznor saw it as more of an experience than marketing and advertising. A European tour was announced for early 2007 in November of 2006, as Reznor was finishing the recording process.
 +
 +
In January of 2007, Reznor announced that the forthcoming album would be called ''[[Year Zero]]'' and that it could be about the end of the world. Mixing had begun on the album and would finish on February 5. Shortly after the European tour began, as did what Reznor called the "Year Zero experience." He did very few interviews this time, not wanting to spoil the surprise. He would become more vocal about Interscope and the RIAA during this time, expressing his disdain for what he felt was the wrong approach to dealing with MP3 sharing and leaking songs.
 +
 +
The Year Zero experience was Reznor's vision of the world in 15 years if civil liberties and an endless war on terror continued. People are drugged to keep them complacent and have GPS chips implanted under their skin. Separation of Church and State are a thing of the past and the government now can spy on everyone at every waking moment, even in their own homes. Most significantly, Reznor seems to be asking his fans to take action and prevent this vision of the future from happening, providing sites with downloadable stencils, flayers, and patterns to spread a message against censorship and the decline of civil liberties.
 +
 +
''Year Zero'' was released on April 17, 2007 and debuted at the Number 2 position on the ''Billboard'' charts.
 +
 +
Today, Reznor is happier than he's ever been. He feels that he has found his calling in life and has found joy in creating music. Although he admits he could very easily relapse into his old ways, because he has been there, he has said he never wants to go back.
  
 
==Discography==
 
==Discography==

Revision as of 08:54, 5 May 2007

Trent Reznor (source: http://www.nin.com)

Michael Trent Reznor (born May 17, 1965) is the founder and mastermind behind Nine Inch Nails.

Biography

Growing Up

Reznor was born and raised in the western Pennsylvania town of Mercer. Because he has the same first name as his father, he was called by his middle name to avoid confusion. In late 1970, after the birth of his little sister, Reznor's parents divorced. His mother raised his sister while he was sent to live with his maternal grandparents. Reznor's grandmother decided that the 5-year-old should take classical piano lessons. Over the years he became immersed in music and has been compared to Harry Connick, Jr. by his piano teacher.

By the time Reznor was in high school he discovered horror movies and rock music. KISS and David Bowie were his heroes. His grandmother considered pulling him out of school so that he could focus on his piano studies full-time, with the hope that he would become a classical pianist. Reznor did not want this and instead became active in Mercer High School's Marching Band, Concert Band, and in theater. He played tenor saxophone and tuba in the school bands, even winning Top Woodwind at one point. He also played Judas in the school's production of Jesus Christ Superstar and landed the title role in The Music Man.

The Early Years

Reznor graduated from high school in 1983 and went on to study production at Allegheny College. It was there that he joined his first "real" band, Option 30. They became popular in the college scene in western Pennsylvania but Reznor clearly wanted to get out and see more. After a year in college, Reznor dropped out of school and left Option 30, moving to Cleveland. Once there, he worked a few odd jobs, selling music instruments and as a studio technician. It was in Cleveland that he met roommate and future bandmate Chris Vrenna. The day jobs helped Reznor pay the bills but, like in Pennsylvania, he became active in Cleveland's music scene.

Reznor's first band in Cleveland was a cover band call the Urge. This band drew crowds and Reznor got some recognition. When he left the band months later they lost much of their audience. Reznor briefly re-joined before parting ways again shortly thereafter. In 1986 he joined the Exotic Birds as a keyboardist and back-up vocalist with Andy Kubiczewski (who would later join Stabbing Westward) and, at one point, Vrenna. The Exotic Birds received some national attention after playing a few gigs with the Culture Club, but Reznor's tenure with them would not last. This was followed by keyboardist positions in the Innocent, Lucky Pierre, and Slam Bamboo. But all the while, Reznor wanted to be able to do his own music and be his own musician.

In 1988, Reznor was finally able to write his first "real" song. It was titled "Down In It" and was recorded as part of a demo during Reznor's spare time at the studio. After trying to come up with a name for his solo project, he settled on the name Nine Inch Nails (NIN for short) because "it sounded manacing, it was catchy, it stood the two-week test, and it could be easily abbreviated." He later befriended John A. Malm, Jr., who would become his manager for 15 years. The demo (known as Purest Feeling) was shopped around to various record labels. Ultimately TVT Records, known for its TV music compilations, signed Reznor and offered to help him release his music.

NIN Begins

Reznor reworked many of the demos he recorded and even added some new material to his debut album, titled Pretty Hate Machine. After its recording he assembled a small live band, inviting Vrenna to join him as one of his bandmates. This band played some small shows in Cleveland and was eventually invited on the road by Skinny Puppy. The band would eventually be invited to join the first Lollapalooza tour, where they became one of the most popular bands on the tour.

By the time 1991 rolled around, Reznor was in a miserable state. The label was pressuring him to record more material, but was trying to tell him which producers to use and how the material should sound. Reznor wanted out of his contract and secretly recorded an EP in various locations around the world. The EP, titled Broken, was released in 1992 and explained the situation to its buyers. The EP was released by Nothing Records, which Reznor and Malm established to help him get out of his contract. Eventually TVT settled with Reznor, allowing him the creative freedom he wanted but they would distribute future releases.

It was during this time that Reznor was in the process of recording the second NIN album, The Downward Spiral. It was recorded in a Beverly Hills mansion-turned-studio, that would later be revealed to be the house where actress Sharon Tate and others were murdered by followers of cult leader Charles Manson. Reznor had also befriended a Florida-based shock-rock band, Marilyn Manson, who would sign to Nothing Records.

Spiraling Down

The Downward Spiral was released in March of 1994 and was had a significantly different sound. Reznor was much more experimental, creating soundscapes and improving in the studio rather than having something written beforehand. It was touted as a concept album, descibing someone throwing away everything in his life in hopes of finding some sense of peace. The album was a personal and commercial success but with the increasing exposure, Reznor's personal problems began to multiply. He found himself turning to drugs and alcohol often as an escape from the pressure put on him by the media, the label, and even himself. The extensive touring behind the album didn't help his problems, either.

It would be the mud-soaked Woodstock '94 performance that thrust Reznor into the national consciouness. Broadcast on Pay-Per-View, the visceral performace would make Reznor a superstar among the many bands and musicians who were active at the time. However, the sudden national fame and recognition only accelerated Reznor's increasing problems.

By the end of the touring cycle (known as the Self-Destruct tour), Reznor was miserable. He had sunked into addiction, and pressure from the label to begin work on a follow-up to The Downward Spiral took its toll. He stepped back for a little while and took time to sort things out.

Fragile

The time between the end of the Self-Destruct tour and the release of The Fragile was one of reflection and realization for Reznor. He checked into a Florida rehabilitation center to deal with the drug and alcohol problems that plagues him throughout the last tour. Shortly after completing the program, he received word that his maternal grandmother had died. Reznor was completely devastated by this news and went into counseling to help him deal with his loss. Through this event he managed to write a song that conveyed his emotions and thoughts ("I Am Looking Forward To Joining You, Finally"). He was back in the studio working on the follow-up to The Downward Spiral, which would turn out to be an ambitious, 2-disc epic of soundscapes.

The Fragile was released in September 1999 and debuted at the top of the Billboard album charts. It soon fell off the charts due to a number of factors. Among them were a lack of marketing from the record label and the sheer length of the album. Reznor decided to celebrate the album's chart debut with a drink, which led to a relapse into drugs and alcohol.

Touring began shortly after the album's release. The Fragility tour would last a total of 8 months and travel the world. During the US tour, Reznor rekindled his friendship with Brian Warner, frontman for the band Marilyn Manson, which had soured in 1997 following the release of the Lost Highway Soundtrack. Initially Manson was offered the producer position but Reznor ultimately got it. The friendship was revived in part because of changes in popular music.

As the tour progressed, Reznor's health declined as his addictions got worse. It culminated with a tour stop in London, when Reznor overdosed on heroin, prompting a long-awaited concert to be cancelled. Citing Reznor's privacy and not wanting to bring about a media firestorm, the band's management explained that another member of the band, new drummer Jerome Dillon, was sick with a stomach flu. After the cancellation, Reznor apologized and explained the situation. He understood that people were angry about it and he stressed that concerts are never cancelled without a valid reason.

Rehab and Recovery

Overdosing on heroin was a wake-up call to Reznor, who now could not deny his problems. Worse news came in 2001, almost a year after the Fragility tour ended. While working on a live CD and DVD chronicling the US leg of the tour, a studio technician Reznor befriended was shot and killed in a gang-related crime. Seeing as his addictions have contributed to gang activity, Reznor was determined to get his problems under control.

On July 11, 2001, Reznor checked into a New Orleans rehabilitation center and endured a cold-turkey withdrawal experience that makes him shudder to this day. Upon leaving the facility, Reznor was more determined than ever to stay clean and sober. He finished the live set, titled And All That Could Have Been, and began to focus on other projects. Among his projects were Tapeworm, a collaboration with Tool/A Perfect Circle singer Maynard James Keenan, and producing former Rage Against The Machine frontman Zack de la Rocha's solo album.

In summer of 2002, Rick Rubin called Reznor in regards to country music legend Johnny Cash recording a cover of the song "Hurt." Reznor was honored and okayed the recording, since Rubin has done great work with Cash, and it wasn't very likely that "Hurt" would make the cut. In November 2002 Reznor received a CD containing Cash's cover and wasn't sure what to think of it. About four months later he received a DVD containing a music video for the song. Reznor was flattered, honored, and moved to tears by the results.

In 2003, Malm presented Reznor with some startling news about his assets. It was revealed that he didn't ahve as much money as he thought he did, with his net worth estimated to be somewhere between US$400,000 and $3,000,000. Malm also presented Reznor with a bill asking for US$3,000,000 in payment. Shocked by this, Reznor looked back at the contracts he had signed with Malm and found some errors. Malm sued to collect on the money he claimed he was owed. Reznor countered, claiming that Malm had been holding back earnings. Both suits were combined into one lawsuit by a federal judge in 2004, naming Reznor as the plaintiff, with the case going to trial in New York City in 2005. Malm was fired as a result and Reznor signed with manager Jim Guerinot at Rebel Waltz. As a result, Nothing Records folded in 2004, being absorbed into Nothing's parent company, Interscope Records.

Reznor spent much of 2003 working on his other projects, which never went anywhere. Nobody in Tapeworm was pleased with the results of their recordings, and Reznor felt that de la Rocha wasn't ready to be a solo artist. The time out of the spotlight helped his psyche and got him to a better place. In addition to finding himself more mentally clear, Reznor was taking better care of himself physically, replacing the addictions that nearly killed him with addictions that would aid in his overall well-being. By January of 2004, Reznor was ready to write and record a new Nine Inch Nails album.

The Great Comeback

Reznor encountered a problem in the writing process immediately: he wasn't sure if he could still write music. So he set goals for himself early on: two songs written and demoed every ten days. It was a back-to-basics approach to help him decide if he could write music while clean and sober. The demo process was very stripped-down, consisting of a drum machine, a piano, a microphone, and a computer. From those demos, Reznor would determine what worked and what didn't. He found that the piano element in the demos provided an interesting contrast to the drums, and it would remain in many of the songs.

Initially, the plan was to create a concept album called Bleedthrough. As the recording process progressed, the concept was scrapped and became With Teeth, a more song-oriented rock album. It was recorded at Reznor's New Orleans studio, and would be the last music to be recorded there. Reznor had since relocated to Los Angeles, partly to be closer to those in the music industry, but also as a way to avoid a temptation that could send him into another relapse. During the production process, Reznor invited Dave Grohl to play drums on some of the songs, at Dillon's suggestion. Recording was delayed for a few days that Spetember when the city was evacuated due to Hurricane Ivan, which took a more easterly track at the last minute. Production ended in late 2004 and post-production began in early 2005.

March 2005 was the beginning of the press junket for With Teeth. Reznor talked about his addictions and sobriety, his reaction to Cash's cover of "Hurt," his impending 40th birthday, and the upcoming tour cycle. A new touring line-up had been assembled and Reznor was confident in their ablilities. Five concerts had been scheduled with small venue dates throughout April and May of that year. The smaller venues were chosen because Reznor wasn't yet sure if he could still play to crowds as large as in the past. The tour sold out immediately, a sign that NIN's comeback was sorely needed.

With Teeth was released on May 3, 2005, and debuted at the top of the Billboard charts. In part its success could be credited to the nearly six years since The Fragile and the fans' dedication. By the end of the year it would be platinum.

Despite the album's success, Reznor still had to deal with the lawsuit against his former manager. Since he had to be in New York City to testify on May 16 and 17 (May 17, 2005, was Reznor's 40th birthday), he scheduled some tour dates there so that it wasn't all pure business. Reznor testified that he had lost trust in Malm, and that he should have read the contracts more closely. He didn't deny that his addictions may have played a role in the problems, but still claimed that Malm was the one who was holding back on assets. At the end of the month, a jury ruled that Reznor was entitled to all assets under his name plus interest, including the Nine Inch Nails brand. The winnings have been estimated to be as high as US$6 million with interest factored in. Malm could still appeal the ruling.

After the success of the club tour, Nine Inch Nails travelled the world, playing at festivals and large venues. Reznor found that he could write music sober and began working on a follow-up to With Teeth, setting up makeshift studios on his tour bus, in his dressing room, and in his hotel room. It was one way that he remained sober while on the road, and was one of many safety nets he established to help himself stay sober. No longer interested in the backstage partying, he now found enjoyment in making music, which he once saw as a chore or job.

Hurricane Katrina struck New Orleans on August 28, 2005. Reznor was at first concerned about his studio there, but at first it looked like the city was spared from the storm. The next day, when the city's levee and pump system failed, Reznor was devastated. In the following days, his sadness became anger at the lack of responce to the disaster, as he became even more vocal about his disdain with the US government. He was invited to perform on ReactNOW!, a telethon organized by Viacom with proceeds going to the American Red Cross to help those affected by the storm. Reznor performed "Hurt" with Cash's lyrical change, and premiered a new song, "Non-Entity," an internet-exclusive performance that would later be made into an MP3 file available for purchase. Proceeds from the MP3 went to the American Red Cross. Reznor decided that guitars used on the upcoming concerts would be sold on eBay with proceeds going to the Red Cross. It was one of many nonprofits that Reznor would go on to publicly support. In January 2006, he joined People for the Etical Treatment of Animals' (PETA's) campaign against the Chinese fur industry, narrating a video documenting the abuse of cats and dogs used in that nation's fur trade.

When the Live: With Teeth tour ended in July 2006, Reznor rented a house in a wooded area outside of Malibu to begin turning the sounds created on the tour into a new album.

Year Zero and Beyond

It all started with an ominous daydream about what the world might be like if things in the United States continued on their current path with no change in course. With some of his personal experiences from recent years mixed in, Reznor created the outline for what would be his most ambitious project ever. During the recording process of this album, he met with people from 42 Entertainment, a marketing company that had been behind the successful alternate-reality games (ARGs) that promoted the video game Halo 2 and the TV series Lost, the latter of which Reznor is a fan. They would help in the package design and advertising for the forthcoming album, though Reznor saw it as more of an experience than marketing and advertising. A European tour was announced for early 2007 in November of 2006, as Reznor was finishing the recording process.

In January of 2007, Reznor announced that the forthcoming album would be called Year Zero and that it could be about the end of the world. Mixing had begun on the album and would finish on February 5. Shortly after the European tour began, as did what Reznor called the "Year Zero experience." He did very few interviews this time, not wanting to spoil the surprise. He would become more vocal about Interscope and the RIAA during this time, expressing his disdain for what he felt was the wrong approach to dealing with MP3 sharing and leaking songs.

The Year Zero experience was Reznor's vision of the world in 15 years if civil liberties and an endless war on terror continued. People are drugged to keep them complacent and have GPS chips implanted under their skin. Separation of Church and State are a thing of the past and the government now can spy on everyone at every waking moment, even in their own homes. Most significantly, Reznor seems to be asking his fans to take action and prevent this vision of the future from happening, providing sites with downloadable stencils, flayers, and patterns to spread a message against censorship and the decline of civil liberties.

Year Zero was released on April 17, 2007 and debuted at the Number 2 position on the Billboard charts.

Today, Reznor is happier than he's ever been. He feels that he has found his calling in life and has found joy in creating music. Although he admits he could very easily relapse into his old ways, because he has been there, he has said he never wants to go back.

Discography

Coming soon.